Udayana University BEM Again Lists 14 Balinese Traditions as Communal Intellectual Property
Denpasar – Monday (18/9/2023), the Student Executive Board (BEM) of Udayana University (Unud) Cabinet "Udayana Bangkit" through the Department of Culture attended an educational invitation/appeal regarding IPR Prevention which took place at the Prime Plaza Hotel Sanur, Denpasar Regency. In this activity, certificates for recording Intellectual Property Rights for culture were handed over which had been successfully registered to the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kemenkumham) by the Department of Culture, Student Executive Board, Udayana University.
These cultures, namely:
1. Tihingan Village Gambelan Crafts with EBT registration number:
2. Rejang Pala Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300254
3. Pejaten Kraton Legong Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300263
4. Okokan Tradition of Kediri Traditional Village with EBT registration number: 51202300283
5. Memedi Line Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300285
6. Gandrung Suwung Batan Kendal Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300288
7. Janger Pegok Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300289
8. Rejang Sutri Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300286
9. Sang Hyang Sampat Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300287
10. Mecaru Mejaga-Jaga tradition with EBT registration number: 51202300290
11. Shadowing Ritual Tradition with EBT registration number: 51202300291
12. Mabubu tradition with EBT registration number: 51202300292
13. Pingit Joged Dance with EBT registration number: 51202300294
14. Barong Nong-Nong Kling tradition with EBT registration number: 51202300295
The following is a brief overview of the cultures that have been mentioned:
1. Gambelan Crafts in Tihingan Village
Tihingan Village is a village located in Banjarangkan District, Klungkung Regency. Tihingan Village is famous because the majority of people in the village work as gambelan craftsmen. The making of gambelan has been around for a long time in the village and has been passed down from generation to generation and currently, to maintain the sustainability of this craft, a community of gambelan craftsmen was founded in Tihingan Village called "Labda Karya Artha Gambelan Crafts Center Association" which consists of many craftsmen. various kinds of gambelan. The aim of forming this community is for craftsmen to have a focused and secure organizational community structure for the future.
2. Rejang Pala Dance
Rejang Pala existed and developed in a Balang Tamak Temple, Br. Nongan Kaler, Nongan Village, Rendang District, Karangasem and in Pasraman Nongan Village, Br. Nongan Kaler, Nongan Village, Rendang District, Karangasem. The Rejang Pala dance once became extinct. Initially, according to the stories of the elders, there used to be a Rejang Pala Dance but no one wanted to dance it, there was only a coil placed in a godag (a box made of woven bamboo) and only performed at the peak of the Odalan event at Balang Tamak Temple. When dancing, friends can take the fruit from the coil if they feel thirsty. Currently the Rejang Pala Dance is danced every Odalan at Balang Tamak Temple and Nongan Village Temple. This dance is accompanied by the musical instrument gambang or selonding. This dance is danced as an offering to God during Odalan at the temple. This dance is also an effort to preserve garden produce, especially fruit from local residents. This dance is specifically danced by women who are still girls or who are not married.
3. Pejaten Palace Legong Dance
The Legong Kraton Pejaten dance takes place in the Pangkung traditional Banjar, Pejaten Village, Kediri District, Tabanan Regency. The dance is usually performed when there is a traditional ceremony at the local temple, or when someone asks to be danced (kupah) by the local community. This dance is sacred because the dancer's crown is sacred. However, it does not rule out the possibility that this dance could be used as a performance. This dance has requirements for choosing dancers, such as not menstruating or not yet growing up, so the performance is performed by 3 girls who have not yet reached puberty. This is because according to the source, something undesirable happened when using dancers who did not meet the requirements.
4. Okokan Tradition of Kediri Traditional Village
Okokan is a necklace or keroncong made of wood, and is usually hung around the cow's neck as a symbol of pride. Okokan can be found in Kediri Village, Kediri District, Tabanan Regency. When the Okokan is shaken, it makes a loud, rumbling sound. In the Kediri Traditional Village, there is an Okokan tradition which is carried out every year on pangrupukan or nyangra sasih senga, which is the last day of the calendar month of sasih. In the Kediri Traditional Village, Okokan has increasingly powerful magical powers and is considered sacred. The Okokan is also decorated with tapel or paintings of Boma faces. Boma is a characteristic of Okokan which symbolizes anger or anger. This okokan is also decorated with cloth (wastra) in poleng or black and white colors.
5. Memedi Line Dance
The Baris Memedi Dance is a form of sacred dance that is specifically performed in the Tabanan area, especially Jatiluwih Village, Penebel District. This dance is usually only performed during the atiwa-tiwa ceremony or mass cremation (ngerit). In the Memedi Line Dance, around 15 or more people will dance together. This dance is believed to have a strong spiritual element, and it is not uncommon for some dancers to become possessed during the ceremony. The main purpose of the Baris Memedi Dance is to transport the spirit to another world, namely nirvana. The dance process is considered incomplete if there are still dancers who are unconscious or possessed.
6. Gandrung Suwung Batan Kendal Dance
Gandrung dance exists and develops among the people of Banjar Suwung Batan Kendal, precisely in the Sesetan Traditional Village, South Denpasar District, Denpasar City. The Gandrung Dance is always performed every 7 months (6 months of the Balinese calendar) at the Dalem Batan Kendal Temple, Sesetan Traditional Village. This dance is a sacred dance which aims to ward off evil or bad things.
7. Janger Pegok Dance
The Janger Pegok dance is in Banjar Pegok, Sesetan Traditional Village, South Denpasar District, Denpasar City. The Janger Pegok dance is thought to have existed around 1936 and continues to develop to this day. This janger dance is always performed at Pura Kesuma Sari, every 7 months (6 months of the Balinese calendar), which coincides with the nutug ketelun of the Kapat Full Moon (three days after the full moon day in September-October). Purnama Kapat is a piodalan day at Pura Kesuma Sari. The Janger dance is a dance that is still tied to magical elements that have been passed down in dance for generations.
8. Rejang Sutri Dance
The Rejang Sutrii dance exists and develops among the people of Batuan Traditional Village, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency. The Rejang Sutri dance is always performed at Soma Kliwon Klurut, rahina Kajeng Kliwon Enyitan Sasih Kalima by the people of Batuan. This performance takes place every night at the wantilan of Pura Desa lan Puseh of Batuan Traditional Village until the end of Sasih Kesanga, namely Ngembak Geni day, the day after Nyepi Day. This is done in accordance with the beliefs of the local community who believe that during the Kalima sasih to the Kesanga sasih it is a dry season which is marked by the outbreak of various diseases. Therefore, it is taboo to abandon this dance, which has been passed down from generation to generation, because it is believed to be dangerous.
9. Sang Hyang Sampat Dance
A unique tradition that occurs in Banjar Puluk-Puluk, Tengkudak Village, Penebel District, Tabanan Regency is the "Sang Hyang Sampat Dance Tradition". This tradition is carried out before harvest, especially during the planting season for Balinese rice, and has been a tradition passed down from generation to generation in Banjar Puluk-Puluk. This tradition is carried out once a year before Ngusabe Gede at Bedugul Temple. The aim of the Sang Hyang Sampat Dance tradition is to protect farmers' rice plants from pests and disease attacks. In Balinese culture, rice plants have an important role and are considered a gift from the gods. Therefore, through this dance, people hope to maintain the continuity of abundant harvests and protect rice plants from the threat of pest or disease attacks.
10. Mecaru tradition of keeping watch
Mecaru Mejaga-jaga is a tradition carried out by the people of the Traditional Village in the Besang Kawan Tohjiwa area, Semarapura Kaja Village, District. Klungkung Regency Klungkung. This tradition aims to ask for fertility of agricultural land and ward off negative things. This traditional ceremony uses offerings as the main means of cows in perfect condition, aka without defects.
11. Shadowing Ritual Tradition
The shadowing tradition is in Sengkiding Traditional Village, Aan Village, District. Banjarangkan, Kab. Klungkung and Catus Pata Sengkiding Traditional Village, Aan Village, District. Banjarangkan, Kab. Klungkung, in this tradition means carrying out the activity or movement of pulling the godel bone (calf skin). The godel used as a means must also be female and her nose has not been matched and is believed to be still pure. The Shadowing Ritual tradition aims to ward off negative influences coming from outside the Sengkiding Traditional Village.
12. Mabubu Tradition
The Mabubu tradition is a tradition carried out by the people of Gelogor Traditional Village. This tradition is carried out with the aim of eliminating blindness or negative characteristics that exist in the Gelogor Traditional Village. The Mabubu tradition began to be carried out when the people of Gologor Traditional Village experienced various disasters or misfortunes so that by carrying out this Mabubu tradition, all disasters would disappear from the village.
13. Joged Pingit Dance
The Joged Pingit dance existed and developed in the Pura Luhur Pucak Bukit Adeng. The Joget Pingit Dance or also known as the Joged Dua Dance is a sacred dance that developed around 1965, at which time the country was in a critical situation. At that time, traditional dances were formed in the form of the Calon Arang Performance (babalihan). Babalihan Calon Arang is experiencing very rapid growth in public interest, people are very fond of this babalihan which is currently developing in a village, namely Senganan Kawan Village, Penebel District, Tabanan Regency. The Senganan Kawan Traditional Village also celebrates Ida Bhatara at the Pucak Bukit Adeng Temple. It was with his grace that the Joged Pingit Dance was formed, where this dance will always be performed at every piodalan at Pucak Bukit Adeng Temple and can also be performed at piodalan events at temples in the Senganan Kawan Traditional Village, and can also be performed every three months ( Three Sasihs).
14. Barong Nong-Nong Kling Tradition
The Barong Nong-Nong Kling tradition is a tradition found in Aan Village, Banjarangkan District, Klungkung Regency. This tradition is carried out with the aim of achieving safety and avoiding all the dangers that exist in Aan Village. In this tradition, offerings are also made in the form of offerings with the meaning of being a form of gratitude for the grace bestowed by Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. This tradition uses the media of music, dance and drama which will be performed by a group of young people and in the performance, the barong is not used but the players wear masks.
Simultaneously with this recording, the Head of the Legal and Human Rights Services Division of the Bali Regional Office (Kanwil), Alexander Palti also appreciated the performance of the Udayana University BEM through the Department of Culture. He said that Indonesia has great potential in intellectual property which can be utilized by the Indonesian people themselves, both personally and communally. The use of intellectual property can also be seen from the values or sounds of the Pancasila principles, which were created by local residents. Indeed, according to the government's nomenclature, intellectual property is in the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. However, the Ministry of Law and Defense cannot operate alone in serving intellectual property, it must work together and synergize with other related parties, one of which is the BEM of Udayana University.
"I certainly appreciate what has been programmed by the Department of Culture, BEM, Udayana University, as something noble and worthy of being an example and a trigger for the wider community. With this, it is hoped that our awareness, especially regarding communal KI, including Geographical Indications, Traditional Cultural Expressions, Traditional Knowledge, will enable us to explore the potential of communal KI in Bali, which yesterday was only given 14 communal KI, where there is definitely more than that that can be achieved. found. "Of course, it is hoped that it will not only be implemented by the Bali Regional Office of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights but also by the KI centers with support from fellow students who are KI observers." Said the Head of the Legal Services and Human Rights Division of the Bali Regional Office in an Audience with the Chair of the BEM of Udayana University, I Putu Bagus Padmanegara and the Head of the Department of Culture, I Gusti Ngurah Prabhaswara in order to carry out an even more massive collaboration with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights of the Bali Regional Office.