RISK OF ASTHMA ATTACK IN CHILDREN DUE TO ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS, EXPOSURE OF CIGARETTE SMOKE , AND PET DANDER
By : dr. Ardanta Dat Topik Tarigan
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. ILMU KESEHATAN ANAK
Asthma attacks is an episode of progressive increase (deterioration) symptoms of cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, suppressed chest, or various combinations of these symptoms. Asthma attack is one of the causes of admission in children hospitalized. Uncontrolled asthma can disturb social life and academic performance, as well as creates a great burden for the patient and family. Risk factors of asthma that can trigger the onset of asthma attacks, including allergens (house dust mites, dust, pet dander, pollen), irritants (cigarette smoke, garbage smoke, mosquito repellent smoke, cold temperatures, cold beverages, flavorings, food preservatives, food coloring), acute respiratory infections (due to virus, cold, common cold, rhinopharyngitis), emotional factors, physical activity, medication, and gastroesophageal reflux. The aim of this study was to prove the risk factors of asthma attacks in asthma patients. This study was a case-control study in children with asthma aged 2 to 12 years old to determine the relationship of risk factors that can trigger asthma attacks. Eighty two subjects were included in this study and divided to case and control group of 41 subjects for each group. The results of bivariate test analysis with chi square obtained the result that acute respiratory infection has a significant relationship affecting asthma attack (p = 0.0001; RO = 13,059, 95% IK 3,917-43,541). In conclusion, acute respiratory infection was the only factor that significantly related to asthma attack. Exposure to cigarette smoke and pet dander does not show a significant relationship affecting asthma attacks.
Keyword : risks factors, asthma attack, children