PREVALENCE OBESITY IN CHILDHOOD AGED 2-5 YEARS IN DENPASAR BY CRITERIA CDC AND WHO

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Abstract

By : Made Yos Darmayasa

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Obesity in children is one of the most serious public health challenges in the 21st century. There are two classification systems most commonly used internationally to diagnose obesity is a CDC 2000 Growth Reference and 2006 WHO Growth Standards. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in the prevalence of obesity in children aged 2-5 years based on the criteria of the WHO and CDC criteria. A total of 300 children kindergarten and playgroup in Denpasar who met the inclusion criteria were measured weight and height and calculated body mass index. The prevalence of obesity is determined by the criteria of the CDC 2000 Growth Reference and 2006 WHO Growth Standards. Of the 300 children aged 2-5 years the prevalence of obesity according to the CDC 2000 Growth Reference criteria were 98 children (32.7%, CI 95%: 27.8-37.6) and according to the 2006 WHO Growth Standards criteria were 48 children (16%, CI 95%: 12.2-19.8). Based on the CDC 2000 Growth Reference prevalence of obesity in men and women respectively were 37.1% and 27.1%. The prevalence of obesity in children with working mothers and not working mothers respectively were 32.9% and 32.0%. While the prevalence of childhood obesity in mothers with education ? S1 and < S1, respectively were 31.7% and 33.5%. From this study, we can get the estimation of the prevalence of obesity based on the CDC 2000 Growth Reference is higher than the 2006 WHO Growth Standards for children aged 2-5 years.

Keyword : Obesity, childhood, CDC 2000 Growth Reference, WHO Growth Reference

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