Description of Screening Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in Blood Donors in Red Cross Blood Donor Unit Bali Province

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Abstract

By : Putu Mita Wulandari

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C occurs in worldwide and is a major world health problem. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is an infectious disease that is transmitted through exposure to blood and causes no specific symptoms, so they can do a blood donation activity. Therefore, screening of blood donors is needed to provide safe blood. The study was conducted at the Red Cross Blood Donor Unit Bali Province during the month of January 2014 to June 2014. During the study 17526 blood bags screened for the presence of HBsAg and Anti-HCV reactive reactive were then grouped by age, sex and type of blood donors (voluntary donors and replacement donors).Data from screening showed 333 (1,9%) blood bags had HBsAg reactive, 78 (0,4%) blood bags had anti HCV reactive and only 2 (0,01%) of blood bags had reactive HBsAg and Anti- HCV reactive. Based on data blood donor screening in Red Cross Blood Donor Unit Bali Province, the age group 31 to 40 years (2,2%) and the type of voluntary donors (2,4%) had the highest percentage of HBsAg reactive whereas in men and women have the same percentage of HBsAg (1,9%). Based on gender, age group and type of donors who have Anti-HCV reactive percentage at most that of women (0,5%), the age grou 31 to 40 years (0,8%) and voluntary donors (0,5%).

Keyword : HBsAg, Anti HCV, Blood donors, Prevalence

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