Prevalence and Risk Factor of Dengue Hemorraghic Fever (DHF) in Child at Gampengrejo Public Health Center at 2009-2013

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Abstract

By : Nila Pebriyan Suharto

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Background : Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is still high, especially in the tropics. It is caused by several risk factors such as vectors, host, and environment. Indonesia has the tropical climate, report in 2012, there were as 37.27 cases per 100,000 population. Incidence of DHF in eastern Java <53 cases / 100,000 population, with a case fatality rate (CFR) is still high> 1%. Most attacking dengue cases in children aged under 14 years, the mortality rate can reach 90%. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for DHF in children aged 0-14 years in Public Health Center (PHC) of GampengrejoKediri. Method : The method is a cross-sectional analytic study, with secondary data retrieved from the medical records at the public health center during the years 2009-2013 , the samples were taken from the medical records of children aged 0-14 years in PHC Gampengrejo. Data processing using SPSS 21 by looking at the frequency and prevalence of risk factors to analyze the relationship with the chi-square test. Result : The results showed there were 92 DHF refer to the hospital. With the prevalence of dengue cases of children aged 0-14 of 89 children (96,7%). Diagnosed of DHF is 81 children (91,01%) and suspected DHF is 8 children (8,9%) With CFR of 1.1%. Risk factors of DHF in Gampengrejo PHC are age and population density. Conclusion : In conclusion incidence of dengue in children aged 0-14 years in high Gampengrejo PHC this relates to risk factors of age and population density.

Keyword : DHF, Child, Gampengrejo

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