The Correlation between Body Mass Index and Incident of Hypertension among Postmenopausal Women in West Denpasar District

SKRIPSI

Abstract

By : Febriyani

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Postmenopausal phase is a transition phase which changes body condition and oftenly cause various health problems in women. Nowadays, the highest morbidity and the most increasing prevalence disease is hypertension, also known as 'the silent killer'. Obesity, which is caused by the redistribution of body fat and increasing body weight, is the factor directly causing hypertension in postmenopausal women. This study was conducted to determine the nutritional status’ distribution based on Body Mass Index ( BMI) in postmenopausal women, assess the level of blood pressure and hypertension in postmenopausal women, and determine whether there is a correlation between increased BMI with hypertension in postmenopausal women. In addition, the benefit of this study is to be useful in practice as a reference to the importance of maintaining an ideal BMI to prevent hypertension. Studies using observational analytic design with cross - sectional approach. Of the 47 samples that include in the inclusion criteria, obtained BMI underweight , healthy weight , overweight , and obese respectively 10.6 % , 29.8 % , 23.4 % , and 36.2 % . Some 53.19 % of the total sample had hypertension and the rest nonhypertension. Chi-square test to analyze the relationship between BMI with the incident of hypertension resulted in a p-value ( Asymp . Sig . ) 0.001. From this study, it can be concluded that there is an increased BMI and blood pressure significantly in postmenopausal women, and found an association between the variables BMI with hypertension in postmenopausal women. The results of this study can be used as a basis for further research to determine other factors associated with blood pressure in postmenopausal women

Keyword : Body Mass Index, Hypertension, Postmenopausal Women

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