ETIOLOGY OF PLEURAL EFFUSION AMONG HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS IN SANGLAH PUBLIC HOSPITAL, DENPASAR, BALI 2013
By : Priscilla Dwianggita
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
This study was conducted to determine the etiologies of pleural effusion among hospitalized patients in Sanglah Public Hospital, Denpasar, Bali in 2013. The study was carried out in descriptive retrospective survey. The samples were chosen randomly with systemic random sampling technique and 107 patients with pleural effusion who had been hospitalized in 2013 were chosen. Medical records as the secondary data were collected, organized, then presented in frequency distribution tables and pie charts. From 107 patients investigated, malignancy, pneumonia, lung TB, dengue haemorrhagic fever/DHF, post-thoracotomy complication, systemic lupus erythematous/SLE, congestive heart failure/CHF, chronic kidney disease/CKD), liver cirrhosis, and hypoalbuminemia were detected as the etiologies of pleural effusion in 34.6%, 15%, 10.3%, 4.7%, 2.8%, 0.9%, 15.9%, 9.3%, 3.7%, and 2.8% respectively. Most effusions were exudates (68.2%). The most commom cause in exudative pleural effusion was malignancy (50.7%), whereas congestive heart failure (50%) was the most common cause in transudative pleural effusion. Thus, it is concluded that there were 10 etiologies detected in pleural effusion patients throughout 2013 and malignancy was the most common cause. The results of this research hopefully can be applied as a basis for further research.
Keyword : pleural effusion, etiology, exudative, transudative