The Profile Of Patients With Hearing Loss Who Underwent Audiometry Checkup At Ent Clinic Of Sanglah Public Hospital In 2013

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Abstract

By : Intan Ade Indraputri

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Hearing loss is a partial or total inability to listen to the sound in one or both ears. Early detection is widely used form of audiometric examination to determine a person's hearing threshold and various types of disorders of the ears. Although the people of Indonesia or Bali especially working in high noise areas, until now there has been no clear and specific data about the involvement or awareness of the patient to consult using audiometric tests. Descriptive study was conducted to determine the profile cases of hearing loss in people who perform audiometric tests in the ENT clinic Sanglah General Hospital in 2013 to record the data of patient visits in the period. The data are classified by sex that men and women, by age ie <12 years, 12-25 years, 26-45 years,> 45 years and based on the type and degree of hearing loss is conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss and deafness mix. The prevalence of hearing impaired people who perform audiometric tests in 2013 as many as 159 people. The prevalence by sex was 62.3% in men and 37.7% in women. The prevalence at age <12 years was 3.8%, aged 12 to 25 years as much as 7.5%, aged 26 to 45 as much as 42.8% and age> 45 years as much as 45.9%. The prevalence of hearing loss types is 30.8% of conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss 45.5% and 23.7% of mixed hearing loss. Male patients more likely to suffer hearing loss than women in most age that is more than 45 years. Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common type of hearing loss. Based on degree of hearing loss, patients with conductive hearing loss that most are mild on the right ear, most patients sensorineural hearing loss that is moderate on the right ear, while the mix hearing loss patients most are severely in the left ear.

Keyword : Keywords: Hearing Loss, Audiometry

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