RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GLYCEMIC CONTROL AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON PATIENT GENERATED-SUBJECTIVE GLOBAL ASSESSMENT (PG-SGA) IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS IN SANGLAH GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR THE PERIOD 2014
By : Made Bayu Permasutha
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
Several epidemiological studies indicate the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus has increased. According to the data from WHO until 2012 has recorded 347 million people worldwide have diabetes and its mortality reached 277 million people. Improvement in patients with type 2 diabetes should be based on the patient's quality of life which is measured by nutritional status. Monitoring of nutritional status is important because of the following: 1) Some studies show a strong association between nutritional status with the risk of comorbidities; 2) association between nutritional status with quality of life; 3) association between nutritional status with clinical outcome; 4) nutritional status associated with mortality. The purpose of this thesis is to describe the nutritional status of patients with type 2 diabetes as well as the relationship of glycemic control and nutritional status in patients with type 2 diabetes. This study use cross-sectional study design with consecutive sampling technique, n = 86 samples. The results showed the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes included in poor glycemic control (70.9%) and poor nutritional status (67.4%). The results of the chi-square statistical analysis on relationship between the glycemic control and nutritional status resulted in a p-value < 0.001 and a correlation coefficient of 0.604. In conclusion mostly of patients with type 2 diabetes are in poor nutritional status and there is significant relationship with positive and strong correlation between glycemic control and nutritional status.
Keyword : glycemic control, nutritional status, type 2 diabetes