RELATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON ANTHROPOMETRY WITH GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 IN ENDOCRINE POLYCLINIC SANGLAH GENERAL HOSPITAL, DENPASAR

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Abstract

By : Ivana Sugiarto

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized with hyperglycemia that occurs due to abnormal insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Numbers of patient suffering from diabetes mellitus continues to increase throughout the year. The number of people with diabetes mellitus in Indonesia is estimated to have increased from 8,4 million in 2000 to about 21,3 million people in 2030. Medical nutrition therapy is one of the management of diabetes. Assessment of medical nutrition therapy can be seen through the patient's nutritional status and can be measured by using anthropometry. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between nutritional status based on anthropometric with glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in endocrine clinic Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar. This study was a cross-sectional analytic study selected with consecutive sampling from 97 samples. In this study, of the 97 samples, 35 (36.1%) had a BMI of obese type 1. Based on waist circumference obtained, the majority of the sample had central obesity in both women and men. Based on A1C levels obtained, 63 samples (73.26%) had A1C levels ? 7%, and 62 samples (64.58%) had a blood sugar 2 hours post meal ? 180. From the chi-square statistical test, there is a relationship of BMI with A1C levels (p = 0.028) and there is a relationship between A1C levels and waist circumference (p = 0.008).

Keyword : Diabetes Mellitus, Nutritional Status, Anthropometry

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