Correlation between Anxiety, Depression, and Total Pain Among Cancer Patients at RSUP Sanglah
By : Illham Setiawan
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
Cancer is a group of diseases that involve abnormal growth than cells. In 2008, as many as 13% of deaths caused by cancer in the world and as much as 70% occurred in countries with a low per capita income. Psychological aspects also affect the quality of life of cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between psychological problems commonly encountered (anxiety and depression) with the pain experienced by cancer patients in Sanglah Hospital. Cross-sectional analytic study conducted on 59 patients with cancer were selected with consecutive sampling method. The incidence of anxiety and depression were measured using a questionnaire DASS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale). Pain was measured using a Numeric Rating Scale. Study was collected by interview. A total of 37.3% of cancer patients experience pain. A total of 27.3% of cancer patients experience pain that is accompanied by a mild depression. The correlation of pain with depression is inversely related (r = -0.110). These results were not significant (p> 0.05). A total of 45.5% pendertia pain accompanied with mild anxiety. The correlation of pain with anxiety is mildly related (r = 0.263). These results were not significant (p> 0.05). Based on these results it can be concluded that experienced by cancer patients in the hospital is not actually in the community. Therefore attention deeper into cancer patients should do to improve the quality of life of cancer patients.
Keyword : cancer, correlation, anxiety, depression, pain, cross sectional