KAJIAN ERGONOMI MEJA DAN KURSI KANTIN PADA PENGGUNANYA DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA DENPASAR TAHUN 2014

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Abstract

By : Made Ayu Gina Purwaningtyas

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Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Canteen as one of the educational infrastructure is a place that used by students to eat or just relax. The results of direct observation at the cafeteria table and chair in the Medical Faculty Of Udayana University there were existence of a shape and size that is not ergonomic. This study was conducted to determine whether there are appropriate or unappropriate in the cafeteria tables and chairs as well as a study ergonominya through anthropometric approach. This is a descriptive study with cross sectional approach wherein the implementation includes data collection, analyse and interpretation the data collection and variable measurement done at the same time. Material of this research is the study of ergonomics canteen tables and chairs on the users at the Medical Faculty of Udayana University. Subjects were asked to measure the dimensions of his willingness using antropometer in the 95th percentile for later studied with ergonomic aspect.From 38 samples obtained, the measurements obtained cafeteria chair height pedestal desk of the cushion 34 cm by 28.7 cm high elbow sitting on anthropometric measurements, high surface to sit on the floor mat 46 cm by 49 cm popliteal height and length cushion 39 cm with a length of 58.1 cm popliteal buttocks and back of the chair 51 cm high by 62 cm high backrest. In addition to the form of measurement, also studied aspects in the form of base and seat back are not in accordance with the rules of ergonomics. Based on the results, there were two aspects of the data obtained in appropriate with the concept of ergonomics and four aspects which are not appropriate with the concept of ergonomics. It can be concluded, there was a mismatch in the design canteen tables and chairs in terms of size and shape, especially in the design of the chair that need to be repaired. The results of this research could be applied as a basis for further research

Keyword : Anthropometry, Ergonomics, popliteal, Diner, Chairs, Tables

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