nutritional status of diabetic foot patient in sanglah hospital
By : Emiliana Febrina Silalahi
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
Uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes can lead to various complications, one of the most frequent is diabetic foot. Malnutrition assessed as a risk factor for complications of neuropathy, so this study was conducted with the aim of knowing the nutritional status of the patients as a reference for medical team to be more concerned about nutrition for patients with diabetic foot. This is a descriptive study of the diabetic foot patients hospitalized in Angsoka Building, Lely and Mawar Sanglah Hospital by using consecutive sampling. During September-October 2014, the condition of the patients were measured by Wagner Classification and examined the nutritional status based on BMI and SGA. The proportion of patients with diabetic foot based on BMI is normal category (44.4%), followed by Obese 1 (33.3%). Otherwise, SGA found Undernourished (55.5%). This is possible because of differences in measurement substance used in BMI and SGA. The Grade 3 Wagner is the highest in patients (55.5%). Patients are expected came to the hospital after the condition worsens or they finally complain limitation in activity. Furthermore, the proportion of male diabetic foot patients (66.6%), aged 40-49 years (44.4%), and length of diabetes mellitus 1-5 years (77.7%). This research shows the nutritional status of patients with diabetic foot should be concerned although BMI was normal. The diabetics and medical team are expected to pursue the balanced nutrition. This research can also be used as a basis for further research.
Keyword : nutritional status, diabetic foot, DM Type 2