DESCRIPTION OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOUR OF CHILDREN REGARDING DIARRHEA AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS AT SERVICE AREA OF PETANG I PUBLIC HEALTH CENTRE (PHC), PETANG SUBDISCRICT, BADUNG REGENCY

TESIS

Abstract

By : Bagus Brahmantra

Email : bagus.brahmantra@yahoo.com

Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Background Diarrhea is a global health problem especially at developing country. The magnitude of the problem can be seen by the high mortality and morbidity rate of diarrhea. Incident rate with age on 2013 at Petang I PHC was 350 (80.09%) cases and this is an increase if compared by the previous year which 329 (76.16%) cases. Aim The aim of the study is to know the description of knowledge, attitude and behaviour of children regarding diarrhea among primary school students at service area of Petang I public health centre (PHC), Petang subdiscrict, Badung regency Method The study was carry out at a primary school in Petang I PHC service area. The study begin at 11th March 2014 until 15th March 2014. The study is a descriptive design and was conducted by using cross sectional method to find the description of knowledge, attitude and behaviour of children regarding diarrhea among primary school students at service area of Petang I (PHC). Data were obtained from structured interviews with questionnaires. Targeted survey respondents 50 primary school students selected by multistage sampling. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 and presented in tables and narrative explanations. Result Based on the results of the study, it were found that 68% of childrens had a good knowledge about diarrhea, however when knowledge was regroup into definition, cause, prevention and early management of diarrhea, it is found that the childrens still lack on knowledge about prevention and early management (only 6% of them know about the early management when they have diarrhea). 53% of childrens have a good attitude, but no significant difference. Generally most respondents have good behavior. Behaviors are assessed into three groups which are hand washing behavior, food sanitation behavior and voiding and defecating behavior. 64% of children lack of hand washing behavior (only 36% were assessed with good behavior). Conclusion From the study, it is found that most children still do not know about the early management of diarrhea and lack of hand washing behavior.

Keyword : Diarrhea, Primary school students, Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior

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