THE PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN THE POPULATION GROUP AGED 30 YEARS TO 80 YEARS AT 2012 IN THE VILLAGE MENANGA RENDANG KARANGASEM BALI

TESIS

Abstract

By : Dewa Ayu Agung Diah Hadiningrat

Email : diahhadiningrat@yahoo.com

Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Background: Hypertension cases at coverage of work of Puskesmas Rendang is ranked number 9 of 10 major diseases whereby majority of the cases are among people at the age of 30 y.o. to 80 y.o. with the total number of 950 cases(3.50%). Death due to stroke in year 2011 is ranked number 3 with the total number of 11 deaths (5.79%). Lifestyle of the community is one of the factor of hypertension. Method: This research uses quantitative descriptive. Population for this study is the whole community of Desa Menanga, Kecamatan Rendang, Kabupaten Karangasem within the age of 30 y.o. to 80 y.o. on June with the total of 961 people ( 39 sampels). Results: Majority of the respondents who suffer from hypertension are above the age of 60 y.o. (53.8%). From the total of 39 sampels, 13 respondents suffer from hypertension, 76.9% consume inadequate amount of fruits, 100% consume inadequate amount of vegetables, 97.4% consumes meat from where 44.7% consume red meat, 33.3% smoke cigarette, 10.2% consume alcoholic drinks and 53.8% do not perform physical activities. Conclusion: Hypertension is found on respondents who consume inadequate amount of fruits (34.5%), respondents who consume inadequate amount of vegetables (39.4%), respondents who consume meat (31.6%), respondents who smoke cigarette (15.4%), respondents who consume alcoholic drinks (25.0%) and respondents who do not perform physical activities (42.9%). The result of this research shows there is a tendancy of hypertension based on lifestyle.

Keyword : Prevalence, hypertension, community, lifestyle

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