DESCRIPTION OF DISLIPIDEMIA PROFILE IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION AT SANGLAH HOSPITAL

TESIS

Abstract

By : Bagus Anom Sudiada

Email : anomsudiada@gmail.com

Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran

Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER

Abstract Heart disease is one of the most common causes of death in Indonesia. Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) is one of the coronary heart disease that is characterized by atheroma plaque accumulation in the arterial wall that blocks the blood circulation of coronary arteries throughout the body so that blood flow can be stopped or decreased significantly. One of AMI’s risk factor is dyslipidemia which cholesterol level in the blood is increasing. Cholesterol is one of the main causes of delays in the bloodstream. LDL cholesterol can be fused with the arterial wall and will produce plaques. Triglyceride also contributes to the formation of plaques that increase LDL cholesterol and lower HDL cholesterol. This study was a descriptive cross sectional approach to describe dyslipidemia occurs in AMI patients. The subjects of study consisted of 26 patients with AMI in Department of Cardiology in Sanglah Hospital from January to May 2014. Results showed an increase of total cholesterol level in 14 cases (53.8%), an increase of LDL cholesterol level in 16 cases (61.5%), an increase of triglycerides level in 11 cases (42.3%) and a decrease of HDL cholesterol level in 10 cases (38.5%). It had been concluded that the dyslpidemia generally occurred on total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol level.

Keyword : Acute Myocardial Infarction, dyslipidemia, risk factor

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