The Political Struggles Of Women In The Legislative Body In The Jembrana Regency In The Era Of Reform
By : Drs. I Nyoman Sukiada, M.Hum.
Faculties : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
Department : S3 Kajian Budaya
ABSTRACT Since the reform era, competition in legislative elections has become more open. In the 2009 regional election, women representation in the Regional Representative Council of Jembrana Regency reached 20%. Despite the fact that it did not reach the target of 30%, the efforts made by woman candidates to compete in the legislative election should be taken into account as an attempt to accelerate gender equality in politics. The aims of this study are to understand and describe: 1) the forms of women’s political struggles in the Regional Representative Council of Jembrana Regency; 2) factors that influence women’s political struggles in the Regional Representative Council of Jembrana; and 3) implications and meaning of women’s political struggles in the Regional Representative Council of Jembrana. Using critical theory and the descriptive-qualitative method, this research was conducted in the Regional Representative Council of Jembrana Regency. The data in this study were obtained through observations and in-depth interviews. The results of this study are: first, there is an incompatibility between the cultural capital possessed by the women and the political arena which they have chosen, causing them to be unable to carry out their tasks and functions optimally. Second, the women’s political struggles in the Regional Representative Council of Jembrana are influenced by various factors such as politic, cultural, social, economic, and globalization factors. Third, the implications of the Balinese women’s political struggles in the legislative body can be explained by the analyses of contemporary feminist theories such as cultural feminism analysis, phenomenological and existential analysis, and institutional analysis. With the help of the analyses of feminist theories, it was found out that female legislators in Jembrana Regency have not been able to fight for gender equality and justice for the people of Jembrana; meanwhile the meanings perceived are participation, equality and dignity. The conclusions of this research are that the women have been trying to do a variety of political struggles in the legislative body, but in reality their struggles have not been able to outweigh the power of male politicians. This is related to women’s collective habitus formed through their interactions with the objective structure of Balinese people which can be seen in socio-political, cultural, and socio-economic, and globalization reality. The women’s position as a minority and inferior group in the legislative body results in their inability to achieve gender equality for the people of Jembrana. The key findings of the study, first, the success of women to reach 20% position in Regional Representative Council in Jembrana is determined by the support of their closest people, especially husband, even it will open more opportunities to get the target of 30%. The struggling process to achieve gender equality in the legislative arena is a pseudo gender. Second, the lack of capital (economic, social, cultural, and symbolic) has implications to get position in different working unit in Legislative Council in Jembrana. Third, the assessment given by local community to the women legislator is based on the donations given, while community leaders asses based on performances.
Keyword : political struggles, legislative, reform, gender equality, cultural capital