FACTORS THAT ASSOCIATED WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION IN KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS IN DANGIN PURI VILLAGE DENPASAR TIMUR DISTRICT YEAR 2014
By : Anthony Widyanata Lebuan
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
Acute Respiratory Tract Infection (ARTI) is a disease of upper or lower respiratory tract, which can result in a spectrum of illnesses ranging from mild infection to severe and fatal disease. ARTI is a common disease in developing countries. In Bali it self ARTI is first rank of the top ten most diseases recorded at health centers. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that associated with the incidence of ARTI. This study is an analytic study with cross-sectional design. The sample was 165 people were taken consecutively at five kindergarten in the Dangin Puri Village Denpasar Timur District. Results with the chi-square test suggests that there is a significant association between nutritional status (p <0.0001; RP = 1.593; 95% CI 1.314; 1.930), exposure to cigarette smoke (p <0.0001; RP = 1,758; 95% CI 1.359; 2.274), patterns of breastfeeding (p <0.0001; RP = 1.592; 95% CI 1.184; 2.141) and population density (p <0.0001; RP = 1.708; 95% CI 1.379; 2.116) with ARTI. While the basic immunization status, weight, and maternal education level there is no significant relationship with ARTI. The prevalence of ARTI in kindergarten students is quite high (63%) and there is a significant relationship between nutritional status, exposure to cigarette smoke, the pattern of breastfeeding, and residential density with ARI in kindergarten students. Recommendations in an effort to decrease the incidence of ARTI by an increase in attitudes and knowledge about the triggering factors of disease especially ARTI, by health education.
Keyword : children, respiratory infections, nutritional status, smoking, breastfeeding, residential density