RELATIONSHIP OF OBESITY WITH THE PREVALENCE OF PRIMARY DYSMENORRHEA IN FEMALE STUDENTS OF MEDICAL FACULTY UDAYANA UNIVERSITY
By : Avissia Zivanna
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual disorder which can affect women’s quality of life (QOL), work productivity, and health-care utilization during reproductive age, frequently occurred in adolescence. In worldwide, the prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 90% of adolescent and more than 50% of menstruating women, whereas in Indonesia, its prevalence was 54.89%. Dysmenorrhea is proven to have relation with higher BMI, because there is excess adipose tissue that can cause hyperplasia of the blood vessel in women’s reproduction organ. That causes disturbing the blood menstrual flow and primary dysmenorrhea appears. The evidence of an association between BMI and dysmenorrhea is inconsistent. The aims of this study are to get the prevalence of dysmenorrhea according to BMI and to get information about the relationship between obesity and dysmenorrhea. By a case control analytical study, this research was done in Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, started from August until December 2014. Using the consecutive sampling technique, 42 normal BMI and 42 obesity participants from 2013 batch female students of Medical Faculty were taken as samples and agree to fill in the questionnaires. There was found that dysmenorrhea was occurred more in obesity (78.6%) than in normal BMI participants (71.4%). However, between BMI and having primary dysmenorrhea was not statistically significant (p>0.05) and only family history found having significant relationship to primary dysmenorrhea (p<0.05). It is concluded that BMI does not influence the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in women (p>0.05).
Keyword : BMI, primary dysmenorrhea, female students, family history, prevalence