A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY ON VISITOR KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEFS ABOUT ANTIBIOTICS IN PUSKESMAS DENPASAR UTARA II
By : Made Cindy Widya Murthi
Faculties : Fakultas Kedokteran
Department : PS. PENDIDIKAN DOKTER
Antimicrobial resistance has increased drastically in both developed and developing countries. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), outpatient antibiotic overuse in the USA was a particular problem in the Southeast. In India, uropathogenic Eschericia coli (UPEC) has showed their resistance to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, and ciprofloxacin for UPEC were 85, 74, and 72% respectively. Study that conducted in two cities in Indonesia, Semarang and Surabaya revealed 8% of Eschericia coli showed their resistance to ciprofloxacin. A study revealed that knowledge and beliefs are social cognitive factors that influence health-related behavior, such as the behavior of using antibiotics.The purpose of this study is to describe the visitorís knowledge and beliefs regarding the use of antibiotics in Puskesmas Denpasar Utara II working area. This study use cross-sectional study design and a consecutive sampling technique was applied (N = 49). Data were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results showed 22.4% of respondents were at the poor level, 40.8% had moderate level of knowledge, 36.7% had adequate knowledge, and 69.4% respondents had appropriate beliefs while the rest (30.6%) had inappropriate beliefs about the use of antibiotic. In conclusion misconceptions regarding antibiotic use exist among people in this study. Therefore, improving appropriate knowledge regarding antibiotic is required.
Keyword : Knowledge, beliefs, antibiotics, antibiotic resistance