Upaya Peningkatan Investasi Indonesia di Myanmar melalui Diplomasi Ekonomi Pasca Demokratisasi Myanmar (2011-2013)



By : Ruth Mona Patricia

Email : ruthmona91@yahoo.com

Faculties : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Department : S1 Hubungan Internasional

This research is attempting to describe the Indonesia’s economic diplomacy to Myanmar after Myanmar’s democratic transition, in an effort to increase Indonesia’s investment in Myanmar. This qualitative-descriptive research uses the concept of democratization, economic diplomacy, and foreign direct investment (FDI) in explicating the research’s result. The initiation of Indonesia’s investment in Myanmar was based on the close bilateral relationship between the two countries, especially during the time when Myanmar was transitioning into a democratic country. After the democratization happened in 2011, Myanmar opens investment cooperation opportunities to the international world to develop the country, which was then used by Indonesia to expand its economic activities. In the study, the author describes various Myanmar’s potentials that can be developed through foreign investments, but not all of these potentials are eventually landed by Indonesia. Myanmar has also prepared various policies and provisions regarding investment, and it has formed a special organization called MIC that regulates the foreign investment in the country. Indonesia, through its BUMN, conducts various economic diplomacy efforts to invest in Myanmar including work visits, assessment of cooperation, permit or proposal application, administrative management, tender, new representative/liaison offices opening, MoU draft discussion, correspondence cooperation, direct observation on Myanmar’s market, and many others. However, not all of the efforts run smoothly; many obstacles must be overcome. Indonesia’s economic diplomacy efforts between 2011-2013 have increased Indonesian investment value in Myanmar from US$ 241,3million to US$ 600 million.

Keyword : Economic Diplomacy, Foreign Direct Investment, Democratization

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